Antigone as Tragic Hero
Heroes come in many forms. Some such as immense in size and strength as
Hercules, some in the form of people that are shunned upon, such as Harriet
Tubman, and some that are only valorous heroes to some, such as Kurt Cobain.
These heroes have many characteristics that make people flock to their side and
follow them without a thought of hesitation. In Sophocles’ Antigone the hero
is a women that believes in her heart far stronger than that of her leader’s
rule. This brings up many characteristics that are shown within her that are
also seen in other heroes.
One being that she is up against an impossible enemy,
one who does not fit well into society’s mold, and is destroyed by her own pride.
For these characteristics Antigone is given the title of an epic Heroin.
Antigone is one of the lucky townsfolk to be born of a royal house, yet is
unlucky to be born in the House that she is born into. As Antigone defies
Creon’s law, she is cast into a pool of danger between what she believes is
right and what the state’s law decrees is right. As Antigone is charged with
the burying of her brother, an action which the King has declared unlawful, she
holds like stone to her undying gratitude for her deceased brother. She holds
to this thought because of the fact that she believes that her, who died
fighting against the state, must be interred with the same honor as her brother
who died defending the state.
She believes that this will help lift the curse
plagued on the household. The curse in which there father tried to hold at bay
and failed. Her sister Ismene warned Antigone by exclaiming “Sister please,
please! remember how our father die: hated, in disgrace, wrapped in horror of
himself, his own hand stabbing out his sight. And how his mother-wife in one,
twisted off her earthly days with a cord. And thirdly how our two brothers in
a single day each achieved for each a suicidal Nemesis” (166). This has
already gave Antigone the mind set that even the Gods are against her will.
is also up against a great foe in fighting that of Creon’s edict. Ismene has
said this: “The rest, if we defy our sovereign’s edict and his power. Remind
ourselves that we are women, and such not made to fight with men. For might
unfortunately is right and makes us bow to things like this and worse” (167).
So as one would believe Antigone sees herself as not only on who can defy the
power of the Gods but the power of the state. Thus she would be up against an
force greater than her own.
Second, another characteristics of a tragic hero is
that the person does not always fit into society’s mold. The tragic hero is
usually one who wants change, yet also needs the peace that goes along with
stability. The fact that the tragic hero also usually thinks that they are in
there right mind when yet the rest of the society thinks that they are mad.
Antigone has said “Say that I am mad, and madly let me risk the worst that I can
suffer and the best” (168). this shows that although Antigone thinks she is
doing is right, she also does not care how the other members of society deem
her for her action. Antigone also must believe that she must be different from
not only society but members of her family.
Creon notes on this when he is
asking her about his proclamation “O, she’s the man, not I, if she can walk away
unscathed! I swear I hardly care if she be my sister’s child, or linked to me
by blood more closely than any member of my hearth and home (181). This should
also show one that Creon does not care about her nobility and that he will treat
her just like one any other member of society. Lastly, Antigone is inherently
destroyed by the one thing that is her tragic flaw: excessive pride. This was
also a downfall of her father Oedipus. This pride could also be confused with
honor. Antigone not only defies Creon’s edict but also makes a mockery of it
when he asks her about it.
When asked if she knows the edict her exclamation is
“Of course I knew. Was it not .