He wrote the play duringthe transition from mythical and historical dramas to plays dealing with socialproblems. At the time that Ibsen wrote A Dolls House, the later1800s, society has created a niche for the woman as a housewife and socialpartner, lacking emphasis on love. This controversial play features a femaleprotagonist seeking her individuality through realizations and challenging hercomfort zone. Isben, through Nora and her personality, depicts the role of womennot as the usual comforter, helper, and supporter of man, but introduced womanas having her own purposes and goals. The heroine, Nora, progresses during thecourse of the play eventually to realize that she must discontinue the role of adoll and seek out her individuality.
Definite characteristics of womanssubordinate role in a relationship are emphasized through Nora’s contradictingactions. As a person, she enjoys making Torvald happy, but will not follow hisguidelines. Her infatuation with luxuries like expensive Christmas giftscontradicts her resourcefulness in scrounging and buying cheap clothing. Also,her defiance of Torvald by eating forbidden Macaroons contradicts the submissionof her opinions, including the decision of which dance outfit to wear, to herhusband; and Nora’s flirtatious nature contradicts her devotion to her husband. This sheds light to the characteristics of a dependent woman. It seems at thistime women marry for tradition, money, safety, and love.
Ibsen attracts thereaders attention to these examples to show the general subordinate role thata woman plays compared to that of her husband. . It can be suggested that womenhave the power to choose which rules to follow at home, but not in the businessworld, thus again indicating her willingness to be subservient. Nora does not atfirst realize that the rules outside the household apply to her. This is evidentin Nora’s meeting with Krogstad regarding her borrowed money.
In her opinion itwas no crime for a woman to do everything possible to save her husband’s life. She also believes that her act will be overlooked because she is used to dealingwith a flexible and predictable Torvald, rather than the law. She doesnt seethat the law does not take into account the motivation behind her forgery. Ibsenuses Noras traits to bluntly portray the women in society as in a position ofneeded change.
Her first encounter with rules outside of her “doll’shouse” results in the realization of her inexperience with the real worlddue to her subordinate role in society and Ibsen sparks the thought of change. “A ” is also a prediction of change from this subordinateroll. Ibsen foreshadows as well as promotes the change women will eventuallymake to progress and understand their position. She needs to be more of arolemodel for her children.
It was seen that Nora didnt think she was fit tomother them. From this point, when Torvald is making a speech about the effectsof a deceitful mother, until the final scene, Nora progressively confronts therealities of the real world and realizes her subordinate position. From thispoint, progressively understanding this position, she still clings to the hopethat her husband will come to her protection and defend her from the outsideworld once her crime is out in the open. After she reveals the “dastardlydeed” to her husband, he becomes understandably agitated; in hisfrustration he shares the outside world with her, the ignorance of the seriousbusiness world, and destroys her innocence and self-esteem. This disillusionmarks the final destructive blow to her doll’s house. Their ideal home includingtheir marriage and parenting has been a product of society.
Nora’s decision toleave this false life behind and discover for herself what is real is directlysymbolic of woman’s ultimate realization. Although she becomes aware of hersupposed way of being subservient is not because of this that she has the desireto take action. Nora is utterly confused and anxious as seen in, She isgroping sadly in a maze of confused feeling toward a way of life and a destinyof which she is most uncertain (256). ” The one thing she is aware of is herignorance, and her desire to go out into the world is not to “proveherself” but to discover and educate herself.
Isben wants her to strive tofind her individuality. This gives her more struggles to face and