Young Fortinbras, Laertes, and Hamlet were all lookingto avenge the deaths of their fathers. They all acted on emotion, and this ledto the downfall of two, and the rise to power of one. Since the Heads of thethree major families were each murdered, the eldest sons of these families sworevengeance, and two of the three sons died while exacting their acts ofvengeance. Revenge is a major theme in the Tragedy of Hamlet.
There were threemajor families in the Tragedy of Hamlet. These were the family of KingFortinbras, the family of Polonius, and the family of King Hamlet. The heads ofeach of these families are all slaughtered within the play. Fortinbras, King ofNorway, was killed by King Hamlet; slain by sword during a man to man battle.
"our valiant Hamlet-for so this side of our known world esteem’d him-didslay this Fortinbras. ; This entitled King Hamlet to the land that waspossessed by Fortinbras because it was written in a seal’d compact. Polonius wasan advisor to the King, and father to Laertes and Ophelia. He was nosy andarrogant, and he did not trust his children. He was killed by Young Hamlet whilehe was eves dropping on a conversation between Hamlet and his mother. "Hownow! A rat? Dead, for a ducat, dead!" King Hamlet was the King of Denmark,and Hamlet’s father.
He had killed King Fortinbras, only to be killed by hisbrother, Claudius. ;My offense is rank, it smells to heaven; A brother’smurder" Each of these events effected the sons of the deceased in thesame way, it enraged them. Every one of the three eldest sons had one thing incommon, they all wanted revenge for a slaughtered father. In the time in whichthis play is set, avenging the murder of a father was part of one’s honor, andhad to be done.
All of the three sons swore vengeance, and then acted towardsgetting revenge for the deaths of their fathers. Young Fortinbras was deeplyenraged by the death of his father, and he wanted revenge against Denmarkbecause of this occurrence. Fortinbras wanted to, by force, regain the landsthat had been lost by his father to Denmark. ;Now sir, young Fortinbrasasit doth well appear unto our state-but to recover of us, by strong hand andterms compulsative, those foresaid lands so by his father lost; Claudiussends messengers to talk to Fortinbras’ uncle, the new King of Norway. He forbidFortinbras to attack Denmark, and instead convinced him to attack the Poles tovent his anger. "His nephew’s levies, which to him appear’d to be apreparation ‘gainst the Polack; But better look’d into, he truly found it wasagainst your highnessOn Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys, receivesrebuke from Norway, and, in fine, makes vow before his uncle never more to givethe assay of arms against your majesty.
" Laertes found out about hisfather’s death, and immediately returned home. He confronted the King andaccused him of the murder of his father. Claudius told Laertes that Hamlet wasresponsible for his father’s death. He then decides to kill Hamlet to avenge thedeath of his father. He and Claudius concoct a plot to kill Hamlet.
Hamlet diesof wounds from the poisoned tipped sword Laertes used. "Hamlet, thou artslainThe treacherous instrument is in thy, unbated and envenom’d;Hamlet was deeply sorrowed by his father’s death. He spoke to a ghost, and thisghost stated that his father’s death was a murder, by the hand of his uncle,Claudius. ;The serpent that did sting thy father’s life now wears hiscrown. " Hamlet was astonished, and then swore vengeance for his father’sdeath. He then proceeded to try and prove his uncle’s guilt, and then finallykills him while he himself is dying of poisoned wounds inflicted by Laertesduring their duel.
"The point envenomed too! Then venom, to thyworkHere, thou incestuous, murderous, damned Dane, drink off this potion,-isthy union here? Follow my mother. " This left the King dead, and hisfather’s death avenged. The lack of thought used in exacting the revenge led tothe deaths of both Laertes and Hamlet. Laertes planned with Claudius to killHamlet with the poisoned tipped sword, but they .