Such as today the public has the right to free speech and to build and choose a strong democracy, and a responsible loyal leader. The people in our life want to seek independence and live their own life from the ruler. In a unique way, all things have a ruler for instance the church in our case for Catholics, Pope John Paul is the Catholic religion ruler; and as it was back in the fifteen-Hundreds, a man named Martin Luther became an important ruler. In the year of fifteen-seventeen, a German monk named Martin Luther wrote a reformation that changed the life of the Roman Catholic Church. Martin Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10,1483 (Beers, Burton page 246). Luther’s family was peasants but still being peasants they were wealthy.
Luther was survived by his father Hans Luther his occupation was a copper miner(Flowers page 27). When Luther got older, his father sent him out to study law at the University of Wittenburg; not interested in the idea of law school, Luther dropped the class sold his learning books and left school. After Luther left school he later joined a monastery. The reason why Luther decided to join a monastery was one night, while walking home a storm began to brew from up above while not taking shelter, lightning struck Luther and in fear Luther cried ” Saint Anne, help me; For I will become a monk”(Beers page 247).
Being true to his words Luther joined a monastery where he taught Bible studies and studied theology in order to become a professor. His friends and family were shocked by his actions. While in training Luther began to believe that a person’s sin cannot be removed by just doing good deeds but to have faith in god. With Luther’s beliefs he then accuses the selling of indulgences or the removal of sin after death in purgatory through money which was made by the church. That is one way Luther is loyal to the church but in this case Luther can do the opposite. Luther challenges loyalty against the church by composing ninety-five questions for arguments against the Pope, he also posts his reasons on the church of Wittenburg, his reforms showed much impact on people’s lives especially the peasants.
These ninety-five questions were called the ninety-five theses( Chambers page14 ). Luther firsts starts out challenging loyalty to the Roman Catholic Church by writing the ninety-five theses which also were Latin proposals opposing the attitude the church in raising money to build Saint Peter’s in Rome by selling indulgences. Since his theses were in another language they were later translated into German so that they may be spread all over Europe. He later said that a person’s sins cannot be reduced or removed by buying indulgences or by doing good works but by only believing in God. His criticism to the church expanded and soon he battles the church authorities in other cases. He says that a Pope is not more powerful than the Bible’s authority and the conscience of a person.
This means that the Pope cannot decide or judge someone by himself. A council of Bishops will decide what to do to the person who is accused. Pope Leo X was frightened at the movements of Luther. The Pope calls Luther and tells him to destroy all the theses he made or else he will be excommunicated.
The church didn’t show loyalty to its people so Luther had to protest. The church was selfish. The Emperor Charles V questions him also about dropping his criticism. “But Luther refuses to withdraw his criticism about the church, (p. 294). ” He was tough like a “bull.
” Instead, he declares, ” I cannot go against my conscience. Here I stand. I cannot do otherwise. (p. 294).
” This declaration made him as a leader of reform-minded churches in the Holy Roman Empire. Luther find shelter in Saxony, there he translates the Bible in German language